Arignar Anna Zoological ParkArignar Anna Zoological Park is located at Vandalur and is also known as Vandalur Zoo. It is the oldest public zoo of the country, founded in the year 1855. This splendid zoo is spread over the area of 1,490 acres (602 hectares).
It is affiliated by the Central Zoo Authority of India. The park has a rescue and rehabilitation center and is the largest zoological park of the country. There are 2553 species of flora and fauna spread across an area of 1265 acres.
There are approximately 1500 wild species out of which 46 are endangered species. According to the survey of 2010, the following counts of species was revealed:
Mammals- 47 species, Birds- 63 species, Reptiles- 31 species, Amphibians- 5 species, Fishes- 25 species, Insects- 10 species, in this Park.
History of Arignar Anna Zoo
The Director of Government Central Museum at Madras, Edward Green Balfour, persuaded the Nawab of Carnatic in 1854, to donate all his animals to the museum. Large crowd was attracted and Madras zoo was founded in 1855.
The zoo was started by Balfour in Museum premises. As the number of animals grew to 300 within a year it was transferred to Madras Corporation and was shifted to People’s Park at Park Town in the year 1861.
The space for the Zoo was rapidly felt less and the commotion of the city was increasing hence the noise pollution, in 1976 planning was made to maintain the animals in a better environment and conditions. Tamil Nadu Reserve Forest Department , provided 1265 acres of area in 1976 in Vandalur Reserve Forest outside the city for building the current zoo. This zoo hence, proudly became one of the largest zoological garden of not only India but of the world.
The formal opening of the zoo was done on 24th July 1985. The then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M.G Ramachandran, took the pride of doing the Honors. The zoo authorities with the help of the people in surrounding village changed the scrub jungle, with no trees into the green forest by growing trees in the area. 228.4 acres of land just next to the park was also occupied to build a rehabilitation and rescue centre for wild animals which increased the size of the zoo to 1490 acres.
Centenary celebrations were held in 1955 and first All India Zoo Superintendent Conference was held in the Zoo. The zoo derived its name from a Tamil Politician named Arignar Anna.
Main objectives of this magnificent zoo is save critically endangered species of animals, educate people about wild life and to promote wild life conservation by researching in the field.
Attractions of Arignar Zoo
Deer Safari Park
- Butterfly House
- Ostrich Enclosure
- Shark Model Aquarium
- Cave Model Water Fall Entrance
- Chimpanzee Enclosure
- Snake Model Serpentarium
- Otteri Water Birds Habitat
- Lion Saffari
- Nocturnal Animal House
- White Tiger Exhibit
- Prey Predator Enclosure
There are total 81 enclosures in the Park and it homes 170 species of Mammals, Reptiles and Birds, such as the black buck, barking deer, sangai, sambhar, jaguar, tiger, wolf, nilgai, panther, hyena, jackal, lion, deer, elephant, otter, giraffe, camel, there are also many species of monkey like Nilgiri langur, baboon, Hanuman langur, lion tailed macaque and also leaf caped langur.
There are 46 endangered species, some of them are; Nilgiri macaque, chimpanzees, monitor lizard, Muscovy duck, European brown beer, white tiger, Bengal tiger, vulture, macaque and star tortoise. Some of the Exotic species like flightless Australian Bird Emu and Cassowary are also in the park. The park also homes 138 species of plants including eucalyptus and cashew etc. The park has a dense vegetation which supports approximately 56 Butterfly.
Other Sections in Arignar Anna ZooOther sections in the Zoo include Prehistoric Animal Park, there are life size models of pre-historic animals, there is an enclosure based on prey predator concept, an insectarium. Apart from these there is also a Zoo School which was opened in 2000, this school formulates education and awareness programmes for conservation of wild life for general public, it also includes teacher training programme, volunteer programme, Animal keepers training, Zoo club programme etc.
Zoo also offers a good opportunity to conduct researches on various fields like Animal Behaviour, reproduction, nutrition and veterinary care etc., Post graduate students from different colleges and research scholars conduct their research programmes also for their academic qualification like M.V Sc., M.Sc., B.V. Sc., M.Phil. and Ph.D etc.
There is also a large collection of animal and wild life related books in zoo library. Library is open twice a week that is on Mondays & Fridays.
Facilities for the Visitors in Arignar Zoo
- There are Paved Paths where trees are lined up for long treks in the campus, making it easy for visitors to walk inside.
- 9 Battery operated vehicles are also available on rent.
- 4 Battery operating vans are also available for Lion Safari.
- 4 Diesel road rails are also used for taking a round of the Zoo.
- Each of these vehicles can carry 15-20 passengers and the round takes about an hour. Bicycles are also kept as a trial for more eco-friendly environment.
Food and Refreshment in the Zoo
Tamil Nadu Tourist Development Corporation (TTDC) runs a snack bar and a refreshment outlet just near the entrance. Also there are Ice cream parlours and soft drink counters.
There are 16 toilets in the premises and drinking water is also available inside the premises.
The zoo remains open for general public from 8:30 A.M till 5:30 P.M.
Zoo remains closed on Tuesdays.
Adults (Above 12 yrs): Rs 30/-
Children (5 to 12 yrs.): Rs 10/-
Below 5 yrs: Free Entry
Still Camera: Rs 25/-
Handy Cam: Rs 150/-
Discount Rates for Aided and Government School Children:
5 to 12 years: Rs 2/-
Above 12 Years: Rs 30/-
Battery Operating Vehicle:
Adult (Above 12 years): Rs 30/-
Children (5 to 12 Years): Rs 10/-
Lion Safari Vehicle:
Adult (above 12 Years) : Rs 30/-
Children (5 to 12 Years) : 10/-
Wheel Chair: Rs 25/-
Vehicle Parking Charges:
Bus/ Lorry : Rs 75/-
Car/Van/ Jeep : Rs 20/-
Bike : Rs 10/-
Cycle: Rs 2/-
Elephant ride (above 5 years): Rs 100/- per person
The Zoo has its own guest house situated on Kelamnakkam Road.
Chief Conservative of Forest
Arignar Anna Zoological Park
Vandalur, Chennai - 48
Phone no. (Office) - 044-22751089