The History of VAT:
The dealers were particularly aggrieved by a provision by which authorities sought to treat the discounts that the dealers had obtained from vendors as turnover and prevent them from claiming excess input tax credit. In its common order on a large batch of writ petitions, a Division Bench comprising Justices R.Banumathi and T.S.Sivagnanam said the provisions could not be struck down as being unreasonable or discriminatory.
The petitioners sought a declaration that Section 19(20), which came into force on August 19, 2010, and later retrospectively brought into force from January 1, 2007, was unreasonable and arbitrary. Value Added Tax or VAT is a broad based tax levied at multiple stage with tax on inputs credited against taxes on output. The origin of VAT can be traced as far back as the writing of F V on Siemens, who proposed it in 1919 as a substitute for the then newly established German turnover tax.
Since then numerous economists have recommended it in different contexts. In addition, various committees have examined the tax in detail. However, for its rejuvenation, the tax owes much to Maurice Faure and Carl Shoup. The recent evolution of VAT can be considered as the most important fiscal innovation of the present century.
VAT Charges in Chennai:
VAT is a tax, which is charged on the ‘increase in value’ of goods and services at each stage of production and circulation. It is also chargeable on the value of all imported goods. It is charged by registered VAT businesses/persons/taxpayers. VAT has replaced a number of other taxes and its introduction has not resulted in either increased prices to final consumers or reduced profitability of business. VAT is levied on the difference between the sale price of the goods produced or the services rendered, and the cost thereof that is, the difference between the output and the input
Chennai Tax Department Waivers to Tax Payers:
Keeping in view the above objectives, VAT is being implemented in various states in place of the local sales tax payable by the seller. VAT is also expected to be more effective and efficient for every person including Government, manufactures, traders, and consumers and hold the following advantages:
- Easy to Administer & Transparent:
This system of charging tax is easy to administer because of its simplicity. It also reduces the cost of compliance by the dealers and is transparent, as tax is to be charged in every bill and there will be no local statutory forms.
- Less Litigation:
There will be no litigation with respect to allow ability of items, as under VAT no items will be specified in the registration certificate of the dealer. The dealer will be allowed to purchase any of the items of his choice in which he intends to deal. He will also be allowed to purchase any item he requires as raw material for the purpose of manufacturing or for packing.
- Tax Credit on purchase of Capital Goods:
The dealer will be allowed to purchase capital goods for manufacturing after paying sale tax and will be entitled to get set off sales tax paid on such purchases from his sales tax liability, which will arise on the sales made by him.
- Abolition of Statutory Forms:
There are no forms under VAT. Therefore, all problems related to forms automatically get resolved.
- Self Assessment:
Dealers are not required to appear before the Assessing Authority for their yearly assessments, as under VAT there is provision for self assessment. All the cases will be accepted by the department as correct and only a few will be selected for audit as is being done by Income Tax Department and Excise Department at present.
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