There are different levels of the Indian judicial system, with various types of courts bestowed with select amount of power forming a strict hierarchy.
All these Indian courts are partly a continuation of the legal system established during British colonial rule, and consider the written Constitution as the supreme legal document.
The courts in Chennai follow the same pattern established by the Indian judicial system. The Madras High Court reigns supreme within the state. Some of the different types of Chennai courts with their addresses and contact details have been described below:
Consumer Courts in Chennai
These courts deal with consumer grievances and disputes. India has a three tier hierarchy of consumer courts; at the national level, at the state level and the district level. Some of consumer courts in Chennai are listed below:
State Level (Consumer Court Chennai) State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission, No: 212, R.K. Mutt Road, Mylapore, Chennai – 600 004
District Level (Consumer Court Chennai) Chennai North: District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum (Chennai – North) No: 212, R.K. Mutt Road, Mylapore, Chennai – 600 004
Chennai South (Consumer Court Chennai) District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum (Chennai – South) No: 212, R.K. Mutt Road, Mylapore, Chennai – 600 004
Family Courts in Chennai
Family courts decide matters in relation to domestic and familial relationships such as divorce, judicial separation, marriage property rights, child custody and maintenance. There are three family courts in Chennai and six in the state of Tamil Nadu.
The family courts in Chennai were established as part of a 1984 legislation and aim to promote and further gender justice. The separate court should deal with the unequal power relationship between women and men within the family and deal with it separately from ordinary civil proceedings.
To ensure speedy justice and clear large amount of case backlogs, the Madras High Court ordered that Chennai family courts operate on holidays. The family courts in Chennai operate from the Madras High Court complex.
Address: The Sheristadar, City Civil Court - Annexe Building High Court Campus Chennai-600104
Labour Courts in Chennai
The labour court adjudicates matters which relate to labour and employment disputes. It is also known as an Industrial Tribunal. Its objective is to provide justice in labour issues that is fast and fair, and inexpensive. It adjudicates in matters such as worker’s wages, employment, labour unions, conditions of work and management-labour relations.
There are four labour courts, one principal and three additional, functioning in Chennai of which three are vacant. The labour courts in Chennai function within the Annexe Building of City Civil Court Complex within the Madras High Court campus (Chennai-104). The labour courts in Chennai are presided over by judicial officers of the level of district judges.
Address: Labour Court: The Chief Administrative Officer, City Civil Court - Annexe Building, High Court Campus, Chennai-104
A city civil court adjudicates on non-criminal cases. Civil law deals with disputes between individuals or between organizations or both, deciding on compensation of the victim. Accidents, libel and negligence, contract disputes, property disputes, commercial or administrative law are some of the areas on which a civil court adjudicates.
The city civil courts in Chennai have jurisdiction over Chennai city, whose territorial boundaries are decided under original judiciary limits. The civil courts in Chennai have been constituted under the Madras City Civil Court Act and function with Principal Judge, Assistant Judges, Additional Judges and a Registrar for administrative purpose.
The city civil courts in Chennai and Sessions courts function within the Madras High Court campus. They are located in two blocks- the Main as well as the Annex buildings.
Address: City Civil Court: The Registrar, City Civil Court - Main Building, High Court Campus, Chennai-600104
District Court in Chennai
The district courts fall under states of India and administer justice at the district level. They adjudicate one or more than one districts depending on the population and number of cases in the districts. District courts are under the administrative of the respective State High Court.
The Madras High Court adjudicates matters for the city of Chennai, which was originally known as Madras Patnam. Some of the other district courts of Tamil Nadu are located in Ariyalur, Coimbatore, Dindigul, Tiruvallur, Vellore and others.
Address: Madras High Court N Fort Road, Parrys George Town, Chennai-600104