Geography of Chennai
Topography of Chennai:
It is a tough task to get the natural regions sub-divided due to its topography. Drainage across various parts of Chennai is a key problem since the sea level is at par with the city’s average elevation. The coast of Bay of Bengal lying towards the north-eastern side of Tamil Nadu holds the geography of Chennai. Chennai was once famous for its gardens full of oranges, guavas, coconuts, and mangoes; it remained open to the vastness of sky and was noted for its serene beauty.
Population of Chennai:
According to the provisional results of 2011 census, there are 4681087 residents in the city. The male and female population is 2357633 and 2323454 respectively. The sex ratio in the city is 986 per 1000 males. The sex ratio of girl children below the age of 6 years is 964 per 1000 boys.
According to 2011 census, the population density in the city is 26,553per km. and this city is also the home to 820,000 populace living in slum conditions. The average literacy rate in the city is 90.33 percent. Male and female literacy in the metro is 93.47 and 87.16 percent respectively.
According to 2011 census, Chennai has 779,667 schedule caste residents. The number of males and females are 389,001 and 390,666 respectively. The sex ratio is 1,004 per 1000 males.
The Scheduled Tribe population in the metro is 10,061. The number of males and females are 5,207 and 4,854 respectively. The sex ratio is 932 per 1000 males.
Flora and Fauna in Chennai:
Pipal, coconut, palm, vagai, rain tree, banyan, tamarind, and mango are some of the indigenous trees that you’ll come across in this region. The coastal area contained by Tondiarpet and Adyar will show you through long Casuarina Plantations. A severe space and water shortage has restricted house gardening to the posh areas within and around this city.
Water Bodies in Chennai:
South Arcot and all the districts of Guntur lying near the coast are connected by it; it for a distance of 5 kilometers along the Coromandel Coast till it reaches a few natural backwaters. Otteri Nullah is another canal that begins from village Mullam, runs till Purasawalkam and then turns northward past the Basin Bridge Rail Station to meet the Buckingham Canal. The sea coast of Chennai district almost stretches over an area of 26 kilometers.
The Climate in Chennai:
The summers of Chennai can be scorching hot, and if you are outside loitering in the peak summer, might even get a bit of sun stroke if you are not careful. The hot weather would spread across the months of March to June typically; the temperatures can soar to a high level of 45 degrees. This period is often referred to as, “Agni Natshatram”, accurately 'Fire Star’ by the populace of Chennai. For the people living near the sea coast, the weather is hot and humid, but can be breezy in the night, and this provides a good breather, and can give you a good slumber.
Chennai receives generous amount of rainfall, in the months of June to September. The winds that manipulate the weather, during this period are the South –Westerly winds and during the rest of the year, it is swayed by the North-easterly winds. Than any other city in India, it is a real treat to see the rain, during the monsoon season in Chennai and the natives are pleased. This brings down the soaring temperature, and it is a pleasure to see, children and adults alike dancing in the rain. Since the city is situated near the coast, it receives a reasonable rainfall of 140 cm, throughout the year.
Beware of the clogged roads during the monsoon months, as Chennai is famous for this during the monsoon.
Though Chennai is always on the hotter side during the year, in comparison to the other cities in India, it is a delight to take an evening walk down the famous beaches of Chennai. This makes us realize how we take many a things in life for granted. Cotton clothes are the mantra, for getting past through the Chennai weather, and this will keep you comfortable at all times.
Other Facts about Chennai:
Area: 181.1 km
Weather: 30 Degree Celsius
Wind NE at 5 km/h, Humidity 83%
Elevation: 6.00 m
Population: 4.344 million by 2001
Latitude and Longitude: 13.0839 Degree North, 80.2700 Degree East